Posted July 27, 2022 – By John Plasencia and Michelle Hayes
Review and download the PDF version of Hospitality Industry Insights – The Three I’s, Part II.
In Part II of The Three I’s, we take a closer look at the New Supply story and we’ll explore how industry labor challenges continue in the post-pandemic era.
There’s More to the New Supply Story
By John Plasencia, Managing Director
While two of the “The Three I’s”, inflation and interest rates, affect various industries and real estate asset classes across the country, the third, inventory, is very specific to individual hospitality markets and submarkets.
Too Much Supply? It Depends.
Obviously, the amount of new rooms coming online varies by city. But new supply also affects different markets in different ways. It’s easy to get caught up in supply numbers since they can be quantified in a straightforward manner, but let’s not forget that demand for rooms is also a key component of the age-old supply/demand relationship. While future hotel demand is harder to project, it might justify the new supply that is coming into many markets. For example, New York and Nashville are the two markets with the highest percentage of new product coming online at the moment, but it’s safe to say the new supply threat is much more concerning in New York, which has not yet recovered from COVID, than it is in Nashville, where hotel performance has exceeded 2019 levels. New supply is not always a bad or unnecessary thing, no matter how much we may be programmed to believe it.
Markets such as Nashville, Phoenix, Atlanta, Miami, Dallas, and Tampa, have experienced more new supply than Seattle, Chicago, San Francisco, Minneapolis, Boston, and Philadelphia. However, new supply is much more justifiable in the former group than the latter when considering demand trends in each market. These factors can include population migration, corporate relocations, tourist visitation, multifamily and office development and occupancy, and existing hotel market performance.
The Texas Example
Take Texas, for example, where our firm has been very active, with offices in Dallas and Houston and over 100 hotels sold in-state. Over the years we have repeatedly heard how new supply is a constant threat due to low barriers to entry and the abundance of land when it comes to building in many parts of the state. While these criticisms may be based in fact, they ignore the incredible demand growth Texas has experienced, justifying new hotel rooms. In Texas, hotel supply increased by 26.6% from year-end 2010 to May 2022. Over that same period, demand has increased by 41.2%, and the post-pandemic recovery is still ongoing in many parts of the state. So, yes, new supply is a constant in Texas, but so is new demand, to an even higher degree!
Austin has emerged as a major center for business, tech, government, and culture; the populations and economies of the Dallas-Fort Worth and Houston metroplexes continue to boom; San Antonio remains a military, convention, and tourist hub; smaller cities, university towns, and drive-to destinations like Amarillo, Waco, Lubbock, College Station, Corpus Christi, the Big Bend region, and the Hill Country are flourishing. All of these elements have led to demand outpacing supply in a big way in recent years across the state and offer a well-founded hope that incoming new supply will also be absorbed. The same dynamic is playing out in many markets across the country, proving that new supply data should not be viewed in a vacuum.
Labor Challenges Continue – Is An End In Sight?
Michelle Hayes, Senior Vice President, Asset Management
While many in the hospitality industry have experienced peak staffing challenges this summer with leisure travel setting records across the nation, there is optimism that after Labor Day some sense of normalcy will return to pre-pandemic hotel operating practices.
Brands have been proactive in listening to owners and operators as they look to the future. Amenity offerings are changing in high labor areas with the scaling back of complimentary breakfasts, managers’ receptions and housekeeping services. The overall operating model of a hotel is being reviewed and a zero-base approach is foreseeable. Brands will have a difficult time going back to the way business operated in the past. Even housekeeping for stayovers is not likely to return to pre-pandemic levels with most brands touting an “opt in” approach to having rooms cleaned daily. Digital check-in and other automated services will also assist over time. In the interim, however, staffing issues continue.
Many employees checked out of their hospitality jobs at the start of the pandemic and a sizable percentage of that labor force has not yet returned and perhaps will never come back; this is the new reality. So, what is the lodging industry to do? The first obvious answer is wage increases. That, however, is only a start and a longer-term wage battle is not sustainable. Offering signing bonuses, referral compensation, flexible schedules, and career advancement and educational opportunities are also tools being used today. Other very successful ideas being incorporated are fuel cards, attendance bonuses and day care services.
As important as compensation is, in the hospitality industry terms like “learning culture,” “grow from within,” “people first,” and “empowerment” are in our daily vocabulary. Now more than ever, these terms need to become ingrained in day-today operations, from the General Manager to Human Resources Director to middle managers. At the end of the day, the hospitality business is first and foremost a people business! And, employees will always be the most integral and critical element of any successful operation.
So, how does an owner or manager nurture employee loyalty? It certainly does not happen overnight, rather through instilling a culture of caring, recognition, support, and mentoring. Recognizing and getting to know employees individually, understanding their personal goals and how management can improve that individual’s wellbeing, is fundamental to the process. Does the GM or other high-level manager know his/ her employees and meet every potential employment candidate? Are they hiring strictly for experience or also for the personality, talent, and potential of that individual? What flexibility might employees need? These are some simple questions among the many that should be considered. Unless hotel industry managers take the personal approach, expect the employee revolving door to continue, even if staffing shortages do moderate after Labor Day.
Brands must be open to reconsidering, if they haven’t already done so, the new way in which the industry must operate. The old operating models must be adjusted, and a zero-based budget approach must be taken.
Given the pressure on a General Manager’s time, efforts must be taken to “unload” or “unburden” the GM of excessive paperwork and reporting. GMs must have the time to develop the culture and relationships that will sustain employee satisfaction and, therefore, improve morale and retention!
We have found through the pandemic that a solid, well-trained and energized employee base is vital to any successful operation. It is also critical in creating a level of guest satisfaction that leads to repeat business. Everyone will need to do more with less. That said, operators must adapt and again become true hospitality managers. They must be managers of people first, starting with genuinely getting to know and care for their employees’ personal hopes and aspirations.
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